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Investigate normal changes of aging related to the heart.
Part two: Complete the project started in Part One (Educational Pamphlet) by adding factors that promote cardiovascular health to your pamphlet.
Older adults are vulnerable to cardiovascular diseases because of the heart muscles’ changes and blood vessels such as arteries, causing increased blood pressure. The cardiovascular system consists of the heart and the blood vessels, which pumps blood, carries nutrients and oxygen to all parts of the body, and releases carbon dioxide and other waste products from the body. Therefore, it is essential to maintain a healthy lifestyle to keep the cardiovascular system healthy and maintain a healthy weight (Mongraw-Chaffin et al., 2018). With the changes in arteries becoming stiffer and thicker, older adults must manage their blood pressure because it is a significant risk factor for heart disease; hence it should be checked regularly. Blood pressure should be checked at least once a year and even more frequently for an older adult with high blood pressure. Cessation of smoking if one is a heavy smoker may also help promote cardiovascular health since the smoke is harmful to the body. Older adults should stop smoking and practice a healthy lifestyle and promotion measures.
Other factors that promote cardiovascular health include eating a well-balanced diet, physical exercises, and maintaining a good weight. Massive weight causes obesity, which is another significant risk factor in heart diseases because of too much fat (Sacks et al., 2017). Physical activities are essential in reducing weight and also keeps one engaged and active. Physical activity should be scheduled at least three times a week, and intense workouts can be practice for approximately 45 minutes. Eating a well-balanced diet also helps maintain a healthy weight, mostly by eating green vegetables and fresh fruits. One should increase calories out and decrease calories in. Lastly, controlling cholesterol and reducing blood sugar is essential in maintaining cardiovascular health since too much blood sugar is likely to cause diabetes, which is sometimes a comorbidity of heart disease. The above mentioned are the ideal factors that promote cardiovascular health as recommended by the American Heart Association, which should be embraced by older adults and everyone.
Mongraw-Chaffin, M., Foster, M. C., Anderson, C. A., Burke, G. L., Haq, N., Kalyani, R. R., … & Vaidya, D. (2018). Metabolically healthy obesity, transition to metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular risk. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 71(17), 1857-1865 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2018.02.055
Sacks, F. M., Lichtenstein, A. H., Wu, J. H., Appel, L. J., Creager, M. A., Kris-Etherton, P. M., … & Stone, N. J. (2017). Dietary fats and cardiovascular disease: a presidential advisory from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 136(3), e1-e23 https://doi.org/10.1161/cir.0000000000000510
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