QuestionQuestion 11. Research methods that predict behavior, but do not necessarily choose one causal explanation over competing ones, are called:experimental methods. single-blind studies. significance tests. descriptive methods. 5 pointsQuestion 21. A researcher studies the history of a suicide bomber who attempted to blow up a police station. The researcher’s goal is to understand the person’s childhood or dreams that led to the person’s behavior for becoming a bomber. This type of research is called a(n):case study. observational study. correlational study. survey study. 5 pointsQuestion 31. Which modern psychological perspective is behaviorism a part of?BiologicalCognitiveSocioculturalLearning5 pointsQuestion 41.Tessa agrees to an evaluation designed to tap her unconscious feelings and motives. Tessa will be given a(n):objective test. projective test. double-blind test. single-blind test. 5 pointsQuestion 51.Reliance on introspection got structuralists into trouble because:Despite their training, introspectors often produced conflicting reports. They failed to generate an intensive program of research. They emphasized the purpose of behavior, as opposed to its analysis and description. Trained introspection was rejected as being too objective. 5 pointsQuestion 61. Which school of thought in psychology tried to explain how specific behaviors and mental processes help a person adapt to the environment?PhrenologyFunctionalismStructuralismPsychiatry5 pointsQuestion 71. To test whether people in bars drink more when they are in groups than when they are alone, researchers visited all the pubs in a city. They ordered beers and recorded observations on napkins and pieces of newspaper. Why did they keep their identities in disguise?They were conducting a double-blind study. They wanted to make sure the study had test-retest reliability. They needed to determine the experimenter effects in the study at a later point in time. They wanted the people they were observing to behave naturally. 5 pointsQuestion 81. Dawn is systematically recording the naturalistic behaviors of kids in a nursery school, taking pains to avoid intruding or being obvious about what she is doing. Dawn is engaging in a(n):Exploratory researchObservational studyDouble-blind studyExperimental research5 pointsQuestion 91. Which of the following modern psychological perspectives most resembles functionalism?Sociocultural perspectiveEvolutionary perspectiveCognitive perspectiveBehavioral perspective5 pointsQuestion 101. __________ had inferred that the brain is the ultimate source of all pleasures and sorrows long before it was verified, and he is now known as the founder of modern medicine.HippocratesWilhelm WundtSigmund FreudJohn Locke5 pointsQuestion 111. Hippocrates argued that the brain is the ultimate source of human pleasures and pains.TrueFalse5 pointsQuestion 121. The evolutionary perspective emphasizes the dynamics of the social and cultural forces that shape every aspect of human behavior.TrueFalse5 pointsQuestion 131. Cognitive researchers have been able to study the kind of “thinking” that goes on without awareness.TrueFalse5 pointsQuestion 141. The learning perspective of psychology emphasizes bodily events and changes associated with actions, feelings, and thoughts.TrueFalse5 pointsQuestion 151. Wilhelm Wundt, an American psychologist, was a popular functionalist.TrueFalse5 pointsQuestion 161. “How” and “why” an organism does something were the concerns of functionalists.TrueFalse5 pointsQuestion 171. Scholars of the past who wanted to understand human behavior relied on anecdotes and descriptions of individual cases.TrueFalse5 pointsQuestion 181. Psychology has been a science for more than 1,000 years.TrueFalse5 pointsQuestion 191. The likelihood of lying in surveys is increased when the respondents are guaranteed anonymity.TrueFalse5 pointsQuestion 201. Psychology became a formal discipline in the sixteenth century.TrueFalse
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