Studies comparing women and men have shown little difference in their levels of conformity – except when their judgments are under surveillance. In some cases, men have been found to be less likely to conform when they knew their judgments would be made public (e.g., Eagly, Wood, & Fishbaugh, 1981). Consider what our major theoretical perspectives might tell us about such a difference. Why might this be the case? What other factors are related to a greater likelihood to conform publicly?
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