Effects of Large Financial Incentives for Long-Term Smoking Cessation Paper

Harvard University Paper Chromatography Lab Report
November 10, 2021
community nursing
November 10, 2021

Directions – 

SELECTED STUDY – 

  • Effects of large financial incentives for long-term smoking cessation. A Randomized Trial, by Jean-François Etter and Felicia Schmid. This article is published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Volume 68, Number 8, 2016.doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2016.04.066

ANALYSIS #1 ASSIGNMENT

and 

ANALYSIS #2 ASSIGNMENT

You have

learned much during the first few weeks of this course and this Analysis 

assignment is an opportunity for you to pull all of your learning together.  To be 

successful on this assignment, apply everything that you have learned from your 

readings, the discussion forums, and the module information pages.  

For additional help, use the module materials and textbook readings.

CRITERIA FOR ANALYZING A RESEARCH STUDY

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Download this word document to your computer.

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Include the Assignment Rubric at the end of your document.  

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Create a title page by putting your cursor above the table and clicking 

down until you have a blank title page to format OR using Insert Tab-> 

blank page

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Carefully follow 

all

directions for this assignment.  

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Remember to provide 

evidence to support

your responses as well as 

citations and references (including the article you are analyzing)! For 

example, when answering 1b. You would include how your problem 

statement meets the 5 criteria for problem statements that you learned in 

Module 1. 

Include citations and references 

from the textbook, course 

content, 

and 

your research article 

throughout

your analysis

.

This is 

required. 

Failure to do so will result in point loss or rejection of your 

paper.

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Use the 

same

research study that you selected in 

Select a Study

in 

Module 2 to answer these questions for Analyses #1 & 2. 

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You must 

use the template

provided in the course, and include the entire 

question prior to your response.  The template will expand to 

accommodate your responses. Your paper will not be accepted if the 

instructions are not followed completely. 

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Keep the template in black font (as provided), but use 

royal

blue font

for 

your responses. 

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Well thought out and 

comprehensive 

answers to the analysis questions 

will generate a critical analysis of your research article, a skill that all 

Analysis criteria_Fall_2019

1

baccalaureate-prepared, health care and human services professionals 

need to acquire in order to provide evidence-based care to their 

patients/clients. 

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Use APA format for all citations and references.  Use the correct file 

naming procedure for your submissions. 

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For Analysis #1 answer: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5  (covers modules 1-3); (Due 

Module 4)

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For Analysis #2 answer: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10  (covers Modules 4-6); (Due 

Module 6)  

1.  Problem Statement/Purpose Statement

a.

What is the 

complete 

Title 

of the research experiment that you selected in the 

Select a Study assignment in Module 2?  [It must be one of the options specified 

for the assignment – do NOT find your own article, as your paper will not be 

accepted]

b. Provide a properly formatted reference (APA format) for the article:

c. Follow the same

five criteria

directions you did in the Module 1 “Problems 

Everywhere” discussion forum and write a 

problem statement

for this research 

experiment. (Hint: citations and references needed; use the readings to 

inform/guide/support your responses throughout this paper).     

d.   Using the definition for a research 

“purpose”,

what do you think the 

purpose

of this research experiment is? 

e. In your opinion, is this experiment important to our health care system in this 

country?

 Why?

Why not?

2.

Research Question/Hypotheses

a.

Using your textbook and course content define the term 

hypothesis

and write 

Analysis criteria_Fall_2019

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one for the research study you are analyzing. 

Hypothesis: 

b. Using your textbook (hint: citations and references needed) and course 

content, 

define

the term simple hypothesis and 

write

one for the research study 

you are analyzing. Then 

define

the following terms and use your

simple 

hypothesis

to write a 

directional 

and a

null hypothesis.

Simple hypothesis:

Directional hypothesis:

Null hypothesis: 

3

.

Identification and Operational Definitions of Study Variables

a.  Name the 

independent 

and 

dependent

variable/s in your study

IV

DV

b

.    Concept of Operationalization:  

In an experimental research study, the 

researchers hope to find that 

applying the IV

will 

change the DV

. In order to 

determine if the change occurred (or how much of a change occurred), the 

researchers must clearly define both the IV and DV, and specify exactly how the 

variables will be measured in the study. For example, suppose researchers want 

to determine the effect of steroid use (IV) on aggression (DV) in male youth.  

They must define what they mean by “steroid use” and specify how it is to be 

measured (i.e., participant-reported daily use of over-the-counter anabolic steroid

products for the purpose of increasing muscle mass) as well as define and 

specify their DV (i.e., as measured using the Aggression Scale for Adolescents 

[Orpinas & Frankowski, 2001]). 

With that example in mind, how did the researchers operationalize the IV and DV,

and how did they 

collect data 

on their

DV 

(i.e., exactly how did they determine if 

the IV had changed/had an impact on the DV, or exactly how did they 

know

that 

Analysis criteria_Fall_2019

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the DV had been impacted or changed)

?   

Please explain thoroughly: 

4.

Literature Review

Before researchers begin their experiment they review the literature to see what 

previous experiments might have taken place using the same or similar variables;

nobody wants to reinvent a wheel.  Literature Reviews are relatively short and 

are always located

between the abstract and the methods sections of a research 

article.  

Locate the Literature Review in your research study.  It will be

below the

abstract

, before 

methods

and either: 

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under a section called Introduction

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OR Literature Review 

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ALTERNATIVELY, there may be no specific heading

.  

Note that it is NOT in the Abstract.

a.   Where

, SPECIFICALLY, 

is the Literature Review in your article? (Page 

number?  Column? Paragraph/s?)

b.

 Read carefully through the 

Literature Review

section in your study and 

name the 

specific variables

that are being addressed in the 

Literature review 

section only.  

c.

After reviewing the course content on primary and secondary sources

,

search 

the Reference page of your article for 1

primary 

source 

OR 

1

secondary 

source 

that you are certain about 

just from reading the title in the citation

.  List

the 

number or Authors of the citation

and whether that citation is primary or 

secondary.   Use the readings/course content to provide a rationale for your 

selection (i.e.,

use the buzz words

that are posted on the content page to help 

you – what words clue you in that is it primary or secondary?):

d.

At the beginning

or end of the Literature Review, and before the Methods 

Analysis criteria_Fall_2019

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section the researchers 

summarize

what

they found in earlier

studies on 

the

variables of interest.  Researchers

use this summary to point out a 

GAP 

in 

the literature.

A gap is something that is still not understood, or perhaps still not 

fully explored. Researchers often state this as their aim in conducting their study. 

Review the section carefully because they may point to more than one gap or 

area in need of further research. 

What

GAP(S) 

did the researchers point out in your study?

Please explain 

thoroughly.

5.

Study Design

a.

Using your understanding of the multiple research study designs from your 

textbook and the content pages, identify the 

research

design

used for this study

and 

provide a rationale for your decision

(i.e., provide a 

definition

of the type of 

design that you identify in your research article):

b.

In your opinion, was this design appropriate for this study?

Why or why not? 

Base this on evidence from your readings and course content.

c.

Remember that 

extraneous variables 

(variables other than the IV and the DV) 

can impact/affect the DV (may contribute to the change in the DV, outcome or 

results).  In other words, they may be threats to internal validity of the study.  

Were threats to 

internal validity

(extraneous variables) controlled in this study?

How? Give specific examples. 

d.

Think of

another 

extraneous variable

that should/could be controlled in this 

study.  Why? (i.e., 

how do you think this variable might affect the DV or the 

outcome

of the study?):

e.

 How would YOU have controlled for this extraneous variable?

 
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