Hospital Payment Systems

Compare the various types of educational preparation for nursing.
July 17, 2021
Research Paper Benchmark Outline and References My 2 leaders are Jimmy Hoffa and Robert Kennedy Submit a one or two page outline of your research paper. Ensure you include detail for each section that shows what direction will be taken. Include a minimum of five references in proper APA format you will use for your final submission. Sample beginning outline Introduction Organizational crisis response will yield both effective and ineffective actions as some tasks will be managed well and others will fail (Pearson & Clair, 1998). It is important to compare and contrast leadership response to major crises to further the understanding of crisis leadership. Mayor Giuliani and Mayor Nagin both experienced significant organizational crises following major tragedies and their response to organizational crisis requires further exploration through a speech analysis of emergent themes. Background Information Mayor Giuliani Giuliani worked as an Associate Attorney General and eventually US Attorney for Southern District of New York. During his tenure as Attorney General, Giuliani focused on drug dealers and organized crime, where he had a record 4,152 convictions with only 25 reversals (Giuliani, 2006). As mayor from 1993-2001, Giuliani saw a 57 % decline in felony crimes and a 68% decline in the murder rate. These, according to Mott (2001) made New York City a safer place to live and increased tourism. September 11, 2001 The attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, is the single greatest tragedy in United States history and is often cited as the reason for changing U.S. policy toward terrorism (Lincoln, 2005). New York City’s response to the plane crashes was immediate (within five seconds of the first crash), with “principle response from the Fire Department of New York, the New York Police Department, the Port Authority Police Department (PAPD) and the Mayor’s Office of Emergency Management (OEM)” (Kean & Hamilton, 2004, p. 281). Mayor Nagin VP of Cox Communication before becoming mayor (Meister, 2003) Moderate success leading up to Hurricane Katrine (Meister, 2003) Hurricane Katrina Most powerful storm in US history (Vanden Brook & Copeland, 2005) Looting was a major problem (Barringer and Longman, 2005) Literature Review Definition of a crisis Crisis is hard to control (Boin & Hart, 2003) Event that causes extreme distress (Mitroff, 2005) Leaders in a time of crisis Characteristics include think critically, preparation, training, etc. (Mullins, 2003) The public has expectations of the leader (Boin & Hart, 2003) Etc….. References Boin A. & Hart, P. (2003). Public leadership in times of crisis Mission impossible? Public Administration Review, 63(5), p. 544. Giuliani, R. (2006). Biography of Mayor Rudy Giuliani. Retrieved from http// (Links to an external site.). Lincoln, B.G. (2005). Leadership in the aftermath of September, 11th. Dissertation Abstracts International, 64(02), 570. (UMI No. 3184348). Mullins, L. (2003). The impact of September 11, 2001 on health care leadership and environment of care outcome scores of U.S. hospitals as measured by the joint commission on accreditation of health care organizations. Dissertation Abstracts, (UMI 3089102). Vanden Brook, T. & Copeland, L. (2005, August 29). Hurricane Katrina 160-mph monster. USA Today. Previous Previous 4.1 – Written Analysis Critical Thinking Questions NextNext Module Module 5 – Communication, Coaching, Conflict Skills and Leadership-Member Exchange and Followership (02/08/16 – 02/14/16)
July 17, 2021

Hospital Payment Systems
Paper instructions:

Discuss the advantage and disadvantage of the following hospital payment systems on cost containment and provider behavior:

• Fee-for-service
• Per diem
• The DRG-based payment system (i.e., Medicare’s Inpatient Prospective Payment System)
• Capitation
SLP Assignment Expectations:
• Cite all sources and provide a reference list at the end of the paper.


Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. (2010). Medicare Payment Basics: Hospital Acute Inpatient Services Payment System. Available at (Retrieved 11/21/2012)

Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. (2010). Medicare Payment Basics: Outpatient Hospital Services Payment System. Available at (Retrieved 11/21/2012)

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid. (2010). Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System. The Medicare Learning Network Payment Systems Fact Sheet Series. Available at (Retrieved 11/21/2012)

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid. (2009). Acute Care Hospital Inpatient Prospective Payment System. The Medicare Learning Network Payment Systems Fact Sheet Series. Available at (Retrieved 11/21/2012)

Office for Oregon Health Policy and Research. (2008). Healthcare Payment Reform & Provider Reimbursement: A Summary of Strategies for Consideration by the Oregon Health Fund Board. Available at


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