First, carefully present the utilitarian and the Kantian deontological position and motivate each (i.e., explain why each is plausible). Next, consider the case of a trolley barreling towards 5 people. You can save the 5 people by pushing another person in front of the trolley. What would an act utilitarian say about this action? What would a rule utilitarian say? Of course, define act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism. What would a Kantian Deontologist say about this action? Finally, which account (the deontologist, act-utilitarian, or rule-utilitarian) is more plausible and why?
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